Every activity requires proper footwear, which should be chosen depending on the occasion. Running shoes have different properties, different materials and technologies than trekking shoes. Before choosing shoes, you should always make clear for what kind of activity you will wear them and choose them accordingly.
The Anatomy of a Shoe
Every shoe consists of several components with different properties and requirements. The basic shoeparts are upper, lining, membrane, midsole, outsole, and lacing.
The upper gives a shoe its shape and protects the foot from external influences.
breathable mesh - commonly used in sport shoes to maintain comfort inside the shoe during physical activity. Upper may or may not have water resistant properties.
synthetic materials and fabrics - lightweight and breathable with relatively high resistance to wear and tear, these materials however have to be treated with a water repellent coating to maintain their water resistance.
leather - a very durable natural or synthetic material which is used in the production of many types of footwear. The disadvantage of leather footwear is that it is susceptible to water damage and idoes not have vapour permeability. Leather also requires more maintenance.
Along with insoles, the interior lining found in the upper provides comfort for your feet, wicks moisture from the skin, increases hygienic and thermal insulating properties and protect the membrane from damage. Insoles provide cushioning for your feet as well.
A membrane is an elastic layer or a film placed between the upper and the inner lining. The film contains microscopic pores, which prevent water penetration and allow the foot to breathe. It is water resistant until mechanically damaged. Membrane provides excellent water resistance. It can be found mostly in hiking and winter footwear and occasionally in running shoes. Several types of membranes are available on the market these days, GORE-TEX is the most known and most used by manufactures. Footwear equipped with a membrane requires proper care to maintain its performance and water repellent qualities. Impregnation is highly recommended, since it creates a protecting layer on the surface of a shoe, prevents water and dirt penetration and at the same time prolongs shoe’s lifespan and saves colours.
A midsole is a layer of a shoe which is located between the outsole and the insole. This layer provides protection in the form of cushioning to lessen impacts caused by walking on a hard surface or rocks. A typical midsole is made from a material known as EVA foam (ethylene vinyl acetate) in combination with various technologies, which aim to improve shock absorption, reinforcement of the shoe and protection of the foot.
An outsole protects the shoe and your feet from below, providing durability, traction and acts as the first shock absorption layer.
Running shoes protect your joints and dampen the impact. Road models are used mainly on asphalt or strengthened roads. Neutral running shoes can be worn in a variety of running conditions or during other activities and sports. Trail running shoes with a coarser sole pattern are suitable for running on unfurnished terrain.
Trekking shoes are suitable for a wide variety of outdoor activities, including family trips or alpine hiking. Low-cut trekking boots are suitable for everyday wear and light terrain and offer enough support even during light or medium hiking. High-cut trekking boots with strengthened ankle protection are suitable for medium-level hiking, increased load-carrying capacity and more demanding outdoor activities.
Indoor shoes are characterized by specific properties, such as a non-marking sole. Indoor shoes are suitable for all indoor sports and indoor surfaces. We offer indoor shoes for basketball, floorball, futsal, volleyball, tennis, squash or badminton. This type of shoes is also suitable for gym or fitness.